Adverse Childhood Experiences: SRO's Role in Trauma-Informed Care
Trauma. It invokes different images for each of us. One person might think of a car crash involving teenage drivers, while another might remember the tragedy of a school shooting. Whatever the trauma, it's important for school resource officers to understand how its impact can negatively affect students in terms of poor attendance, diminished learning and achievement, drug and alcohol abuse, and suicide. Equally important is knowing what to look for—and how to properly respond to a student who has been affected by trauma, inside or outside of school. This is true especially during a crisis situation.
Research has shown that traumatic experiences are associated with both behavioral health and chronic physical health conditions, particularly those traumatic events that occur during childhood. The impact of trauma also influences behaviors seen in the classroom or on the school campus. Knowing the background of a student may help in getting the support, care and treatment he or she needs, or in responding during an escalating crisis situation.
Using a trauma-informed approach, SROs can begin to: